Famous for being a President of Argentina
Born - 8th October 1898, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Parents - Mario Tomas Peron, Juana Sosa Toledo
Siblings - brother
Married - 1. Aurelia Tizón
2. Eva Duarte
3. Isabel Martinez
Children - None
Died - 1st July 1974 Buenos Aires Argentina aged 68 years
Juan Domingo Perón was born in Buenos Aires, Argentina on October 8th 1895. After school he attended Military College. Upon graduation he rose through the army ranks and in the late 1930s was sent to Italy as a military observer where he became familiar with the government of Benito Mussolini.
Perón returned to Argentina in 1941 and formed the GOU (United Officers' Group) against the government. In 1943 the group led a successful military coup against the government of Ramon Castillo and Perón became secretary of Labour and Social welfare. His reforms in this area made him popular with the working classes.
In 1944 Peron met the singer and actress Eva Duarte at a relief concert for the 1944 earthquake. Peron's first wife Aurelia Tizon had died of cancer in 1937 and in October 1945 Peron married Eva Duarte. Eva, known as Evita, a woman of the masses sympathetic to the plight of the poor and downtrodden, was instrumental in increasing support of Perón. When Perón was arrested by opposition forces in October 1945, mass protests led by Evita secured his release just four days later.
Perón stood for election and became president of Argentina on 24th February 1946. His goals for the country were to improve social justice and to make Argentina economically independent. Perón remained in office for six years at the head of a right wing government that was fiercely anti-American and anti-British, strongly in favour of nationalisation and with a belief that government should be for the people not by the people. The political ideology was and is referred to as Perónism.
By 1951 Perón had had to modify some of his political ideology in order to remain in office. In 1952 the death of Evita, Perón's excommunication by the Catholic Church and workers' complaints led to a decline in his popularity. Perón was defeated in 1955 and exiled to Paraguay.
In 1961 he moved to Spain and settled in Madrid where he married his third wife, Maria Estela Martinez.
In 1973 the military government in power restored democracy and Perón was invited to return to Argentina to front the Perónist party. Although he was returned as President in 1973 he was unable to secure any lasting effect on the political or economic situation in Argentina. After Perón's death in 1974, his wife Maria who had been his Vice President became President in her own right but was brought down by a military coup in 1976.
The Neo-Assyrian Empire used earthen ramps, siege towers and battering rams in sieges; the Greeks and Alexander the Great created destructive new engines known as artillery to further their sieges, and the Romans used every technique to perfection. That is to say, the Romans were not inventors, but they were superb engineers and disciplined, tough soldiers who fought against great odds and won, repeatedly.... Read More
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In the first part of this series, we noted the siege equipment of the Assyrians consisted of complex battering rams, earthen ramps and a dedicated corps of engineers and sappers. Alexander the Great and the Greeks would take the next steps in the evolution of siege warfare. The Greeks had invented the catapult circa 399 B.C. Alexander innovated by fastening catapults and ballistas on the decks of ships to breach... Read More
While sieges had taken place earlier than the Neo-Assyrian Empire, such as that between Egyptian Pharoah Thutmose III and Canaanite rebels led by Kadesh at the Megiddo fortress in the 15th century B.C., the Assyrians perfected the art of siege warfare during the Neo-Assyrian Empire from 911 to 609 B.C.
Through war and conquest, Assyria became the most powerful empire the world had yet seen. After the... Read More
For one thousand years, chariots rolled through the Middle East, terrifying armies, destroying infantry lines and changing the face of war. Sumerians used heavy battlewagons with solid wheels drawn by wild asses around 2600 B.C. Until the innovation of spoked wheels, the weight of the battlewagons hindered their utility in war. The domestication of the horse inspired further chariot innovation as horses... Read More