The Stuarts

The Stuarts – Bibliography

James VI of Scotland I of England – Scotland’s Kings and Queens James VI + I – Anniina Jokinen Charles I – Britannia Charles II – Britannia James II – Britannia William and Mary – Britannia Queen...

The Stuarts – Great Fire of London 1666

Sunday 2nd September 1666 Weather Report – hot, dry and windy The Thames water level was very low following a hot summer Early hours The fire began in the Pudding Lane house of baker Thomas Farriner. When questioned later Farriner said that he had checked all...
The Stuarts – Fire and Fire – Fighting

The Stuarts – Fire and Fire – Fighting

The risk of fire was great in Stuart England. People used candles for light and open fires for cooking. Houses were built close together and were made out of wood. Tradesmen used large ovens and often kept supplies of fuel in their houses and the many inns had stables...
The Stuarts – The Plague Doctor

The Stuarts – The Plague Doctor

Image (c) H Y Wheeler – no unauthorised copying allowed People in the seventeenth century did not know what caused the plague and many believed it was a punishment from God. They did realise that coming into contact with those infected increased the risk of...
The Stuarts – Great Plague 1665

The Stuarts – Great Plague 1665

Bubonic Plague, known as the Black Death, first hit the British Isles in 1348, killing nearly a third of the population. Although regular outbreaks of the plague had occurred since, the outbreak of 1665 was the worst case since 1348. London – 1665 100,000 people...
The Stuarts – Charles I – The Slide to Civil War

The Stuarts – Charles I – The Slide to Civil War

Charles I came to the throne in 1625 after the death of his father, James I. Like his father, he believed in the Divine Right of Kings. Although only parliament could pass laws and grant money for war, because they refused to do as he wished, Charles chose to...
The Stuarts – The Pilgrim Fathers

The Stuarts – The Pilgrim Fathers

When James I came to the throne, he adopted a moderate Protestant religious policy. Both Catholics and Puritans were forbidden to practice their religions. Many extreme Puritans left England for Holland where Puritanism was accepted. In 1607 Walter Raleigh had founded...
The Stuarts – Puritans

The Stuarts – Puritans

Towards the end of Elizabeth’s reign, an extreme branch of the Protestant religion was becoming more popular. They called themselves Puritans. This picture clearly shows the simple, plain clothing worn by the Puritans. Their clothing was usually black, white or...
The Stuarts – The Gunpowder Plot

The Stuarts – The Gunpowder Plot

A Conspiracy or Not? ‘Remember, remember, the fifth of November. Gunpowder, treason and plot.’ Or was it? Read the two different versions of the Gunpowder Plot and decide for yourself… The Facts A small group of Catholics, Robert Catesby, Guido (Guy)...

The Stuarts – Monarchs – 1603 – 1714

For more information on counter-intuitive facts of ancient and medieval history, see Anthony Esolen’s The Politically Incorrect Guide to Western Civilization.   The first Stuart monarch, James I of England and VI of Scotland, succeeded to the...