War, and the history of it, stretches back to ancient times, where conflicts were fought with rudimentary weapons and strategies. The earliest known forms of organized war emerged in Mesopotamia around 3000 BCE, with city-states battling for resources and dominance. Over millennia, war evolved alongside technological advancements. The rise of empires such as the Greeks, Romans, and Persians introduced large-scale conflicts with formidable armies and innovative tactics. The Middle Ages witnessed the dominance of knights and the development of siege warfare. The advent of gunpowder in the 14th century revolutionized warfare, leading to the rise of firearms and the transformation of battlefield dynamics. The Industrial Revolution further transformed war with advancements in artillery, transportation, and communication. The 20th century brought devastating wars on a global scale, marked by mechanized warfare, aerial bombings, and the introduction of nuclear weapons. Today, warfare encompasses a wide range of strategies and technologies, including cyber warfare and unmanned drones, shaping the evolving nature of conflicts in the modern world.
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