Period

Date

Dynasty

Important People

Important Events

Late Predynastic 3100 BC – 2950 BC 0 Menes

North and south Egypt united 
Hieroglyphic writing developed

Early Dynastic 2950 BC – 2575 BC 1 Menes 
Imhotep 
Dzoser

Memphis capital of Egypt 
First writing on papyrus 
First pyramid built – step pyramid at Sakkara (Saqqara)

2
3
Old Kingdom 2575 BC – 2150 BC 4 Sneferu 
Khufu (Cheops) 
Sahure 
Pepi I 
Pepi II

Great pyramids and sphinx at Giza built 
Sun God Ra worshipped at Heliopolis Mummification first used 
Trade for cedar wood 
Noblemen became more important 
Pharaohs had less power 
Fall of government at Memphis

5
6
7
8
First Intermediate Period 2150 BC – 1975 BC 9 Achthoes

Book of the Dead created 
Rebellions against the Pharaoh 
Drought and famine caused by low rainfall

10
Middle Kingdom 1975BC – 1640 BC 11 Mentuhotep
 Amenemhet

North and south Egypt reunited capital Thebes 
Lower Nubia conquered

12
13
14
Second Intermediate Period 1640 BC – 1520 BC 15 Khyan

Hyksos tribe took over north Egypt 
Horse drawn chariot introduced

16
17
New Kingdom 1520 BC – 1075 BC 18 Ahmose I
Hatshepsut
Akhenaten
Nefertiti
Tutankhamen
Rameses I
Rameses II
Rameses III

Hyksos people expelled from Egypt 
Hatshepsut first female Pharaoh 
Temple at Karnak built 
Valley of the kings used as burial site 
Capital moved to Memphis

19
20
Third Intermediate Period 1075 BC – 715 BC 21 Shoshenk I

Egypt divided again northern capital Tanis, southern capital Thebes 
Shoshenk reunited Egypt 
Egypt lost control of Israel and Lebanon

22
23
24
Late Period 715 BC – 332 BC  25 Nephrites I

Egypt invaded by Libyans and Assyrians 
Persians conquered Egypt 
Alexander the Great conquered Egypt for Greece 332BC