How was Switzerland able to remain neutral in the two world wars? Why was a tiny mountainous nation of watch-makers, bankers, and chocolateers able to dictate their own fate at a time when nobody else could? In this episode I answer this listener question and three others, and they all have to do with critical events in European history that could have changed the continent’s fate. The other three questions I answer are as follows.

  • What if Spain had become disunified after the War of Spanish Succession?
  • Could German Unification have taken place without Otto von Bismarck?
  • What is the largest massacre still denied today?