The Battle of Brandy Station, also known as the Battle of Fleetwood Hill, is considered the biggest major military engagement during the American Civil War and in the United States. It happened on June 9, 1863, at the Brandy Station at the start of the Gettysburg Campaign, which was led by Maj. Gen. Alfred Pleasonton of Union Cavalry versus Maj. Gen. J.E.B. Stuart of Confederate Cavalry.

At the break of Dawn, Pleasonton launched a surprise attack on Stuart’s troop at the Brandy Station. After a whole day of battle, the Federals discharged without knowing that Gen. Robert E. Lee’s infantry has camped close to Culpeper. This battle concluded the Confederate’s control in the Eastside.

BATTLE OF BRANDY STATION (JUNE 9, 1863) (LEE NOT PRESENT)

Source Confederate Union
Carhart, Lost Triumph 500* 900*
Current, Encyclopedia 51 killed 1,651*

250 wounded

132 missing

Fox, Regimental Losses 51 killed

250 wounded

132 missing

81 killed

403 wounded

382 missing

Heidler & Heidler, Encyclopedia 525* 935*
Phisterer, Statistics 700* 500*
Trudeau, Gettysburg c. 523* 866*
Author’s Best Estimate: 523* 866*