Black History

Articles on the principle people and events in American Black History


Black Peoples of America – Robert Gould Shaw (1837-1863)

Black Peoples of America – Robert Gould Shaw (1837-1863)

Robert Shaw was serving as a Captain in the 2nd Massachusetts when he was asked to raise and command a regiment of black troops. This was not the first coloured regiment to be formed but it was the first to be organized in a Northern state. Shaw recruited free blacks,...

Slave Punishments in the Antebellum American South

Slave Punishments: An Overview The slavery practiced in the United States prior to the Civil War was the legal establishment of human chattel enslavement, primarily, but not exclusively, of Africans and their descendants. Chattel slavery is so named because the...

Slaves Work and Work Done By Slaves

In the antebellum American South, by law slaves had no say in what task they were required to do, as by legal definition they were considered property and afforded none of the constitution, civil, or criminal legal protections afforded to any citizen of the United...

Black Peoples of America – The Plantation

Tobacco, cotton and sugar were grown on large-scale farms called plantations. As European demand for these crops increased, the plantations grew larger and needed more slaves to harvest the crops. 80% of all slaves shipped to the Americas were put to work on...
The Living Conditions of Slaves in the American South

The Living Conditions of Slaves in the American South

The living conditions of slaves in the antebellum American South were some of the worst for slaves across history. As legal property of their masters they had no rights themselves and fared far worse than Roman slaves or medieval serfs. Africans sold as slaves in the...
Black Peoples of America – Olaudah Equiano

Black Peoples of America – Olaudah Equiano

The autobiography of Olaudah Equiano provides us with a detailed insight into the experience of a captured slave. The following account was adapted from Equiano’s The Interesting Narrative of Olaudah Equiano or Gustavus Vassa the African by H. Wheeler. Capture...
Black Peoples of America – The Slave Auction

Black Peoples of America – The Slave Auction

For more information on counter-intuitive facts of the slave auction, along with ancient, medieval, and modern history, see Anthony Esolen’s The Politically Incorrect Guide to Western Civilization.   Once in the Americas, slaves were sold, by auction, to the...
Black Peoples of America – The Middle Passage

Black Peoples of America – The Middle Passage

The transport of black Africans to the Americas by slave ship became known as the Middle Passage because it was the middle leg of the Triangular Trade route used by the European merchants. The African slaves were viewed as cargo by the merchants and were packed into...
Black Peoples of America – Effects of Slavery on Africa

Black Peoples of America – Effects of Slavery on Africa

Slavery was not new to Africa. Traditionally, slavery was used as a punishment for serious crimes. However, although slavery was a punishment for criminals, they were, in the main, treated fairly well by their masters. This was not the case once trading in slaves...
Black Peoples of America – The Triangular Trade

Black Peoples of America – The Triangular Trade

This was the name given to the trading route used by European merchants who exchanged goods with Africans for slaves, shipped the slaves to the Americas, sold them and brought goods from the Americas back to Europe. Merchants who traded in this way could get very rich...
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