Civil War

Articles on the American Civil War and the principle figures involved. Includes timelines and detailed descriptions.


JEB Stuart

Civil War General J.E.B. Stuart (1833-1864)

There’s a special place in the Confederate pantheon for J.E.B. Stuart because he personified one of the archetypes of the South—the gay cavalier, who mocked danger, flirted with women, kept prayer book in hand, knew horseflesh, loved racing, and responded to the plink...
Philip Sheridan

Union General Philip Sheridan (1831-1888)

In physique Philip Sheridan was shaped like the Fighting Irish leprechaun of Notre Dame. He was only five feet five inches tall, mostly body with scant legs, long arms attached to ready fists, and slit eyes that burned defiance. Abraham Lincoln described Sheridan as...
Wade Hampton

Civil War Lt. General Wade Hampton (1818-1902)

Wade Hampton was to the manor born. One of the largest landholders in the South, educated in the Southern gentlemanly tradition, skilled with guns and horses, courtly with women, experienced in politics, one would expect that he was cut from the same scarlet cloak as...
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William Tecumseh Sherman

General William Tecumseh Sherman (1820-1891)

The popular image of William Tecumseh Sherman is of a roughhewn, high-strung (to the point of insanity), ravager of the South. The image is reinforced by photographs of the Federal general. His hair is often unkempt, his look stern, and his countenance apparently...
George H. Thomas

General George H. Thomas (1816-1870)

George H. Thomas was fifteen years old when the blood-stained, drunken followers of Nat Turner raided his family’s farm. His mother, a widow, had heard they were coming and fled with her two daughters. The renegade slaves left a trail of murder behind them, and it...
Robert E. Lee

Confederate General Robert E. Lee (1807-1870)

History of Robert E. Lee Robert E. Lee was the general of the war. What George Washington was to the American War of Independence, Lee was to the War for Southern Independence. But Robert E. Lee had no Admiral de Grasse, no French fleet blasting through the Federal...
Battle of Appomattox

Battle of Appomattox and Petersburg: 1864 to 1865

The Background: In background of Battle of Appomattox, Grant gave up trying to get around Lee to Richmond, and instead opted to lay siege to Petersburg and cut Richmond’s supply lines to the south. Lee had foreseen this probability, but was powerless to prevent it. He...
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Battle of Chickamauga

Battle of Chickamauga (Sept. 18-20, 1863)

The Background- Battle of Chickamauga: In Battle of Chickamauga , Confederate General Braxton Bragg retreated from Knoxville and Chattanooga, Tennessee, without a fight, with the supposed intent of setting up a masterful counterattack. He was pursued by hard-drinking...
The Virginia Campaign

The Virginia Campaign of 1864

Background of The Virginia Campaign After Gettysburg, Lee no longer had the men, the horses, or the provisions to attempt another invasion of the North. He was now compelled to fight on the defensive. His task: repel the invader at every turn. His opponent, the best...
Battle of Murfreesboro

Battle of Murfreesboro (Dec. 31 —Jan. 2, 1862)

Background on the Battle of Murfreesboro While the Confederacy amassed victories in East, the news was almost always bad in the West. The difference was leadership. In Virginia, the Confederacy had the better generals. In the West, Union generals like Ulysses Grant,...
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