Civil War

Articles on the American Civil War and the principle figures involved. Includes timelines and detailed descriptions.


William Tecumseh Sherman

General William Tecumseh Sherman (1820-1891)

The popular image of William Tecumseh Sherman is of a roughhewn, high-strung (to the point of insanity), ravager of the South. The image is reinforced by photographs of the Federal general. His hair is often unkempt, his look stern, and his countenance apparently...
George H. Thomas

General George H. Thomas (1816-1870)

George H. Thomas was fifteen years old when the blood-stained, drunken followers of Nat Turner raided his family’s farm. His mother, a widow, had heard they were coming and fled with her two daughters. The renegade slaves left a trail of murder behind them, and it...
Robert E. Lee

Confederate General Robert E. Lee (1807-1870)

History of Robert E. Lee Robert E. Lee was the general of the war. What George Washington was to the American War of Independence, Lee was to the War for Southern Independence. But Robert E. Lee had no Admiral de Grasse, no French fleet blasting through the Federal...
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Battle of Appomattox

Battle of Appomattox and Petersburg: 1864 to 1865

The Background: In background of Battle of Appomattox, Grant gave up trying to get around Lee to Richmond, and instead opted to lay siege to Petersburg and cut Richmond’s supply lines to the south. Lee had foreseen this probability, but was powerless to prevent it. He...
Battle of Chickamauga

Battle of Chickamauga (Sept. 18-20, 1863)

The Background- Battle of Chickamauga: In Battle of Chickamauga , Confederate General Braxton Bragg retreated from Knoxville and Chattanooga, Tennessee, without a fight, with the supposed intent of setting up a masterful counterattack. He was pursued by hard-drinking...
The Virginia Campaign

The Virginia Campaign of 1864

Background of The Virginia Campaign After Gettysburg, Lee no longer had the men, the horses, or the provisions to attempt another invasion of the North. He was now compelled to fight on the defensive. His task: repel the invader at every turn. His opponent, the best...
Battle of Murfreesboro

Battle of Murfreesboro (Dec. 31 —Jan. 2, 1862)

Background on the Battle of Murfreesboro While the Confederacy amassed victories in East, the news was almost always bad in the West. The difference was leadership. In Virginia, the Confederacy had the better generals. In the West, Union generals like Ulysses Grant,...
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Second battle of bull run

Second Battle of Bull Run (Aug. 28-30, 1862)

Second Battle of Bull Run: The Background To win Southern independence, the Confederates first had to liberate Northern Virginia, which was occupied by Federal General John Pope. The blustery Pope bragged that his headquarters would be in the saddle where,...
Shenandoah Valley Campaign

The Shenandoah Valley Campaign (1862)

The Background of Shenandoah Valley Campaign General McClellan had assembled a massive 150,000 man army to attack Richmond, but before he launched his men down the Peninsula, he needed to deal with Stonewall Jackson in the Shenandoah Valley. As long as Jackson roamed...
George McClellan

Union General George McClellan (1826-1885)

George McClellan was in the wrong profession—though it didn’t seem like it at the time. He rocketed his way through West Point— in which he enrolled before he was even sixteen years old, having been classically educated already, including two years at the...
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