Cold War

Articles on the origins of the Cold War and its most important moments. Features timelines and information sheets.


What Was the Truman Doctrine?

The Truman Doctrine arose from a speech by President Harry Truman, but it has informally become the basis of the U.S. foreign policy during the Cold War and afterwards. Historians often refer to the Truman speech as the day the Cold War started, because the policy was...

What is a Red Scare?

A Red Scare happens when the fear of radical leftism or communism is promoted, often in the media. This form of hysteria has been most prevalent between the 1940’s and 1960’s, when the Cold War between the U.S. and the Soviet Union was at its height....

When Was the Berlin Wall Torn Down?

The Berlin Wall, often called the “Wall of Shame” and a symbol of the Iron Curtain of the Cold War, was torn down on November 9, 1989, two years after President Ronald Reagan challenged Mikhail Gorbachev to “tear down this wall.” Free Travel...
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What Was the Cuban Missile Crisis?

The Cuban Missile Crisis was a very tense 13-day confrontation between the U.S. and the Soviet Union, and is considered the closest the Cold War was to escalating in a full scale war. What could have resulted in the deaths of over 100 million people on both the...

What Was the Iron Curtain?

The Iron Curtain is a term that received prominence after Winston Churchill’s speech in which he said that an “iron curtain has descended” across Europe. He was referring to the boundary line that divided Europe in two different political areas:...
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8 Amazing Spy Gadgets Used During the Cold War

Spying became an integral part of the Cold War. Both sides went out of their way to acquire as much knowledge as they could about each other. While Hollywood has romanticized the whole image of espionage, the real thing is far from romantic. It is a dangerous cat and...
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The Cold War Timeline

This post is a comprehensive timeline of the Cold War, from the origins of the Russian-American conflict following World War Two to the final dissolution of the Soviet Union and the fall of the Berlin Wall at the end of the 20th century. Scroll down to learn more....
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Fall of the Berlin Wall

At the end of World War Two Germany had been partitioned into four sectors controlled by America, Britain, France and Russia. Berlin had been similarly partitioned. In 1949 the American, British and French sectors had been combined to form West Germany a capitalist...
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The Cuban Missile Crisis

On 14th October 1962 a US spy plane flying over Cuba reported the installation of Russian nuclear missile bases. The picture (left) is one of those taken from the spy plane and clearly shows missile transporter trailers and tents where fuelling and maintenance took...
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Hungarian Revolution

Following the death of Josef Stalin in 1953 many European communist countries developed liberal reformist factions. In Hungary the reformist Imre Nagy became Prime Minister but his attempts at reform were thwarted by Rákosi General Secretary of the Communist party....
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