The Romans

Articles on the culture, history, and peoples of ancient Rome


The Roman Army: Organization and Battle Tactics

The Roman Army: Organization and Battle Tactics

The Roman army was the backbone of the empire’s power, and the Romans managed to conquer so many tribes, clans, confederations, and empires because of their military superiority. It was also the source of the empire’s economic and political strength,...
Ancient Roman Slaves: A Life of Bondage

Ancient Roman Slaves: A Life of Bondage

Ancient Roman slaves were the backbone of the empire’s economy, up until its end, but their personal lives were anything but glamorous. A favored slave of a wealthy patrician could live in relative comfort; a less-fortunate laborer could literally be worked to...
Roman Entertainment: Bread, Circuses, and Everything Else

Roman Entertainment: Bread, Circuses, and Everything Else

Roman entertainment is a byword for the decadence of the late empire, leading to its downfall when it spent more time on amusement than reforming the military or rooting out corruption. But few did mass entertainment better then the Romans. Their coliseums still...
Ancient Roman Games For Children

Ancient Roman Games For Children

For more information on ancient Roman games and other counter-intuitive facts of ancient and medieval history, see Anthony Esolen’s The Politically Incorrect Guide to Western Civilization.     The sort of leisure enjoyed by Roman children typically depended...
The Romans – The Bath House

The Romans – The Bath House

The Romans were concerned about health and cleanliness. A network of pipes brought clean water into the city of Rome and removed waste. The public bath house was the place where people went to socialise and do business as well as getting clean. The picture, above,...
The Romans – Religion

The Romans – Religion

The Romans were very superstitious. They believed that good or bad luck was given by the gods – if the gods were happy then you would have good luck but if they were unhappy then your luck would be bad. There were many different gods and each of them looked after...
The Romans – Education

The Romans – Education

The Romans education was based on the classical Greek tradition but infused with Roman politics, cosmology, and religious beliefs. The only children to receive a formal education were the children of the rich. The very rich families employed a private tutor to teach...
The Romans – Roman Numerals

The Romans – Roman Numerals

 The Roman system of numbers was made up of just seven letters. We still use Roman Numerals today, they are most often seen on clock or watch faces. The table below shows how the letters are combined to make numbers.   1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 I II III IV V VI...
The Romans – Gladiators

The Romans – Gladiators

It is believed that the first gladiators were slaves who were made to fight to the death at the funeral of Junius Brutus Pera. The spectacle was arranged by the dead man’s relatives to honour his death. The tradition was copied at other funerals and then became...

The Romans – Housing

Ancient Roman housing was bereft of modern conveniences such as indoor plumbing, but they were surprisingly sophisticated as well. There were big differences between the housing of the rich and the poor in Roman times. Poor Romans lived in insulae. An insulae...
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