Pont du Gard, Roman Empire, October 2007, by Emanuele
The Romans were the first civilization to introduce a public health system. They had to do this because Rome had grown in size and it was impossible to find a natural source of fresh water in the city. It was also necessary to find a way of disposing of the rubbish to prevent pollution causing health problems.
Aqueducts were built to transport fresh water into the city. In AD100 there were a total of nine aqueducts that brought fresh water into the city of Rome.
Public baths were places where people could go to bathe, meet and discuss business. There were hot and cold baths as well as massage rooms.
A network of sewers was built to take sewerage and waste out of the city to the river Tiber. There were also public lavatories.