Period

Date

Dynasty

Important People

Important Events

Late Predynastic 3100 BC – 2950 BC 0 Menes

North and south Egypt united
Hieroglyphic writing developed

Early Dynastic 2950 BC – 2575 BC 1 Menes
Imhotep
Dzoser

Memphis capital of Egypt
First writing on papyrus
First pyramid built – step pyramid at Sakkara (Saqqara)

2
3
Old Kingdom 2575 BC – 2150 BC 4 Sneferu
Khufu (Cheops)
Sahure
Pepi I
Pepi II

Great pyramids and sphinx at Giza built
Sun God Ra worshipped at Heliopolis Mummification first used
Trade for cedar wood
Noblemen became more important
Pharaohs had less power
Fall of government at Memphis

5
6
7
8
First Intermediate Period 2150 BC – 1975 BC 9 Achthoes

Book of the Dead created
Rebellions against the Pharaoh
Drought and famine caused by low rainfall

10
Middle Kingdom 1975BC – 1640 BC 11 Mentuhotep
 Amenemhet

North and south Egypt reunited capital Thebes
Lower Nubia conquered

12
13
14
Second Intermediate Period 1640 BC – 1520 BC 15 Khyan

Hyksos tribe took over north Egypt
Horse drawn chariot introduced

16
17
New Kingdom 1520 BC – 1075 BC 18 Ahmose I
Hatshepsut
Akhenaten
Nefertiti
Tutankhamen
Rameses I
Rameses II
Rameses III

Hyksos people expelled from Egypt
Hatshepsut first female Pharaoh
Temple at Karnak built
Valley of the kings used as burial site
Capital moved to Memphis

19
20
Third Intermediate Period 1075 BC – 715 BC 21 Shoshenk I

Egypt divided again northern capital Tanis, southern capital Thebes
Shoshenk reunited Egypt
Egypt lost control of Israel and Lebanon

22
23
24
Late Period 715 BC – 332 BC  25 Nephrites I

Egypt invaded by Libyans and Assyrians
Persians conquered Egypt
Alexander the Great conquered Egypt for Greece 332BC

26
27
28
29
30