The main purpose of the Gallipoli campaign was to end World War One quickly by creating a new war front that the Turks could not defend. The campaign took place between 25th April 1915 and 9th January 1916 and is considered to have been a great failure for the Allied Forces, who lost over 140,000 men. Although the losses on the Turkish side were higher with a total amount of 200,000 deaths, they defended so strongly for months on end that the Allies decided to retreat.

Goals of the Gallipoli Campaign

  • To get control over the Dardanelles and Bosporus straits
  • With control over this 67 kilometer stretch of water, it would be much easier to invade Constantinople and, eventually, Turkey
  • To open a supply route via the Black Sea to Russia, a British ally.
  • Eventually attacking Germany’s main other ally, Austria-Hungary
  • Shortening the war by taking down Germany’s allies

This article is part of our extensive collection of articles on the Great War. Click here to see our comprehensive article on World War 1.