Who Fought Whom?

Axis

Allies

Occupied

Neutral

Bulgaria
Finland
Germany
Hungary
Italy
Japan
Romania
Argentina
Australia
Bolivia
Brazil
Canada
China
Chile
Columbia
Costa Rica
Cuba
France
India
Iraq
Lebanon
Mexico
New Zealand
Paraguay
South Africa
Soviet Union
United Kingdom
United States
Albania
Belgium
Czechoslovakia
Denmark
Estonia
Ethiopia
France
Greece
Luxemburg
Netherlands
Norway
Philippines
Poland
Yugoslavia
Andorra
Ireland
Liechtenstein
Portugal
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey (until Feb 1945)
Uruguay
Vatican City

Main Leaders

Country

Leader

France Charles de Gaulle (Free French forces)
Henri-Phillipe Petain – Vichy France
Germany Adolf Hitler
Italy Benito Mussolini
Japan Emperor Hirohito
Russia Josef Stalin
United Kingdom Neville Chamberlain to 1940
Winston Churchill from 1940
United States Franklin Roosevelt died 1945
Harry Truman 1945

Numbers of Deaths

Death figures for World War Two vary from source to source. The figures below are believed to be reasonably accurate

Country

Military

Civilian

Total

USSR 12 million 15 million 27 million
China 1.8 million 7.5 million 9.3 million
Poland 400,000 5.86 million 6.26 million
Germany 3.25 million 2.44 million 5.69 million
Japan 1.5 million 500,000 2 million
Yugoslavia 305,000 1.35 million 1.66 million
Romania 450,000 465,000 915,000
Hungary 200,000 600,000 800,000
France 245,000 350,000 595,000
Great Britain 403,000 92,700 495,000
Italy 330,000 100,000 430,000
Austria 280,000 125,000 405,000
United States 407,000 6,000 413,000
Greece 60,000 350,000 410,000
Czechoslovakia 7,000 315,000 322,000
Netherlands 13,700 236,000 249,000
Philippines 27,000 91,000 118,000
Belgium 23,000 76,000 99,000
Finland 80,000 10,000 90,000
Bulgaria 10,000 51,000 61,000
Canada 39,000 39,000
Australia 35,000 35,000
Albania 20,000 10,000 30,000
India 25,000 25,000
New Zealand 17,000 17,000
*Civilian numbers include those killed as a result of the Holocaust*

Victims of the Holocaust

Country

Number Of Deaths

Poland 3 million
USSR 1 million
Romania 350,000
Hungary 250,000
Czechoslovakia 250,000
Germany 165,000
Lithuania 130,000
Netherlands 105,000
Lathvia 70,000
France 65,000
Austria 65,000
Greece 65,000
Yugoslavia 60,000
Bulgaria 48,000

 

This article is part of our larger educational resource on World War Two. For a comprehensive list of World War 2 facts, including the primary actors in the war, causes, a comprehensive timeline, and bibliography, click here.