The Aztecs

Articles on the culture, history, and practices of the Aztecs


Nezahualpilli, ruler of Texcoco, depicted in the Codex Ixtlilxochitl wearing the tilma and loincloth

Aztec Empire: Simple Clothing, Elaborate Decorations

All Aztecs dressed rather simply on a daily basis, according to their station in life. Men of both the noble and common class wore a loincloth and a cape called a tilma. Variations in fabric, trim and how the tilma was worn revealed the status of the wearer. Women of...
Aztec men sharing a meal. Florentine Codex, late 16th century

Aztec Empire: Everyday Foods and Feasts

Most of daily life in the Aztec Empire depended on a person’s social status, whether they were a member of the nobility or of the commons. That status determined what people ate, what they wore, their style of house and their occupation. The Aztecs were an...
Map showing the expansion of the empire showing the areas conquered by the Aztec rulers.

Overview of the Aztec Empire

The Aztec Empire was the last of the great Mesoamerican cultures. Between A.D. 1345 and 1521, the Aztecs forged an empire over much of the central Mexican highlands. At its height, the Aztecs ruled over 80,000 square miles throughout central Mexico, from the Gulf...
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