Black History

Articles on the principle people and events in American Black History


Black Celebrities of the Civil Rights Movement

The postwar years were the era of the integration of America’s professional sports. Jackie Robinson, Althea Gibson, Bill Willis and others became household names. Beyond sports, black movie stars made had significant cultural milestones during the decade, while...
When Did Slavery End in America

When Did Slavery End in America?

When did slavery end in America? While it formally ended with the Emancipation Proclamation, an executive order of Abraham Lincoln on January 1, 1863, the total abolition of slavery was a process that occurred in fits and starts throughout the Civil War. When Did...
Sherman's Attack on the South

Sherman’s Attack on the South

The destructive acts of Union General William Sherman during the final year of the Civil War alone would involve a great many pages. In Vicksburg, Mississippi, Sherman’s troops destroyed houses and stripped farmland of all crops. “The city was so heavily bombed,”...
black history

Black History in the United States: Slavery, Civil Rights, Culture

Black history is the story of millions of African Americans residing in the United States who have struggled for centuries to fully claim the promises of liberty granted in the founding documents of the United States. The majority are descendants of Africans brought...

Jackie Robinson Facts

Jackie Robinson played an important role in the end of racial segregation in American sports. When he became the first black player to in the major baseball leagues by signing with Brooklyn Dodgers, he broke a very important, unwritten color barrier in the sports...

Who Founded the NAACP?

On February 12, 1909, a diverse group of people, whites, blacks and Jews founded the NAACP. Many founders were also part of the Niagra Movement. The goal of the group was to fight for civil rights in the U.S., and many claim that the 1908 Race Riot in Springfield,...

Who Were the Freedom Riders?

The Freedom Riders originally consisted of a group of 13 activists who fought for civil rights and against the segregation in interstate bus terminals in the American South. The Congress of Racial Equality originally recruited the group of Freedom Riders and they...

What Did Rosa Parks Do?

The answer is not so much about what Rosa Parks did – it was what she didn’t do that set a series of events in motion which finally led to the end of segregation on all busses in Alabama. Rosa Parks’ Arrest Rosa Parks got arrested on a municipal...

What is the NAACP?

The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People is the largest, oldest and most well-known civil rights group. It was founded in February 1909 and now has over half a million members. The principal goal of the NAACP is to ensure social, economic and...
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