Revolution and Colonies

Articles on the Founding Fathers, and the culture and history of the Revolutionary and pre-Revolutionary eras


Revolutionary War Battles in South Carolina

Revolutionary War Battles in South Carolina

Dozens of skirmishes were fought in South Carolina during the Revolutionary War. It became a site of increased fighting a few years into the battle. The British strategy was to mobilize loyalist Carolinians, who made up fifty percent of the colony’s population....
Benedict Arnold Treason Facts Summary

Benedict Arnold Treason: Facts and Summary

Benedict Arnold (January 14, 1741 [O.S. January 3, 1740 – June 14, 1801) was an American military officer who served as a general during the American Revolutionary War, fighting for the American Continental Army before defecting to the British in 1780. George...
Lord Charles Cornwallis

Charles Cornwallis: A Short Biography

Charles Cornwallis (1738–1805) was a military officer who served in the British Army during the American War of Independence. He is best known for surrendering his army after the 1781 Siege of Yorktown, an act that ended major hostilities in North America and led...
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Cowpens Battle Summary Facts History

Cowpens Battle

Cowpens Battle was an engagement during the American Revolutionary War fought on January 17, 1781, between American Colonial forces under Brigadier General Daniel Morgan and British forces under Lieutenant Colonel Sir Banastre Tarleton, as part of the campaign in the...
King’s Mountain Battle American Revolution Facts

King’s Mountain: Facts and Summary

King’s Mountain was a military engagement between Patriot and Loyalist militias in South Carolina during the Southern Campaign of the American Revolutionary War, resulting in a decisive victory for the Patriots. King’s Mountain Cornwallis sent Major Patrick Ferguson...
Battle of Rhode Island 1778 Key Battle 7

Battle of Rhode Island

The Battle of Rhode Island (also known as the Battle of Quaker Hill and the Battle of Newport) took place on August 29, 1778. The battle was the first attempt at cooperation between French and American forces following France’s entry into the war as an American...
Spencer’s Expedition Failure in Newport

Spencer’s Expedition: Failure in Newport

Spencer’s Expedition was a military action in which 9,000 soldiers from the Continental Army fought the British at Newport. On October 26, 1777 the attempted a forward movement, but the weather and failure of one brigade to report in time caused miscarriage of the...
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Battle of Princeton Summary Facts

Battle of Princeton: January 3, 1777

The Battle of Princeton was a battle of the American Revolutionary War, fought near Princeton, New Jersey on January 3, 1777. It ended in a small victory for the Colonials. General Lord Cornwallis had left 1,400 British troops under the command of Lieutenant Colonel...
Paoli Massacre Facts Philadelphia Campaign

The Paoli Massacre of 1777

The Battle of Paoli (also known as the Battle of Paoli Tavern or the Paoli Massacre) was a battle in the Philadelphia campaign of the American Revolutionary War fought on September 20, 1777, in the area surrounding present-day Malvern, Pennsylvania. The Paoli Massacre...
Fort Mifflin Historical Facts Summary

Fort Mifflin: The Siege of 1777

Fort Mifflin, originally called Fort Island Battery and also known as Mud Island Fort, was commissioned in 1771 and sits on Mud Island (or Deep Water Island) on the Delaware River below Philadelphia, Pennsylvania near Philadelphia International Airport. It was site of...
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