Civil War

Articles on the American Civil War and the principle figures involved. Includes timelines and detailed descriptions.


Philip Sheridan

Civil War General Philip Sheridan (1831-1888)

In physique Philip Sheridan was shaped like the Fighting Irish leprechaun of Notre Dame. He was only five feet five inches tall, mostly body with scant legs, long arms attached to ready fists, and slit eyes that burned defiance. Abraham Lincoln described Sheridan as...
Wade Hampton

Civil War General Wade Hampton (1818-1902)

Wade Hampton was to the manor born. One of the largest landholders in the South, educated in the Southern gentlemanly tradition, skilled with guns and horses, courtly with women, experienced in politics, one would expect that he was cut from the same scarlet cloak as...
William Tecumseh Sherman

General William Tecumseh Sherman (1820-1891)

The popular image of William Tecumseh Sherman is of a roughhewn, high-strung (to the point of insanity), ravager of the South. The image is reinforced by photographs of the Federal general. His hair is often unkempt, his look stern, and his countenance apparently...
George H. Thomas

General George H. Thomas (1816-1870)

George H. Thomas was fifteen years old when the blood-stained, drunken followers of Nat Turner raided his family’s farm. His mother, a widow, had heard they were coming and fled with her two daughters. The renegade slaves left a trail of murder behind them, and it...
Robert E. Lee

Confederate General Robert E. Lee (1807-1870)

History of Robert E. Lee Robert E. Lee was the general of the war. What George Washington was to the American War of Independence, Lee was to the War for Southern Independence. But Robert E. Lee had no Admiral de Grasse, no French fleet blasting through the Federal...
Battle of Appomattox

Battle of Appomattox and Petersburg 1864 to 1865

The Background: In background of Battle of Appomattox, Grant gave up trying to get around Lee to Richmond, and instead opted to lay siege to Petersburg and cut Richmond’s supply lines to the south. Lee had foreseen this probability, but was powerless to prevent it. He...

History of the Civil War in 10 Battles, Part 14: Chickamauga

The Battle of Chickamauga marked the end of Union Maj. Gen. William Rosencran’s offensive into southwestern Tennessee and northwestern Georgia and the most significant Union defeat in the Western Theatre. More died here than in any other battle, save Gettysburg....
The Virginia Campaign

The Virginia Campaign of 1864

Background of The Virginia Campaign After Gettysburg, Lee no longer had the men, the horses, or the provisions to attempt another invasion of the North. He was now compelled to fight on the defensive. His task: repel the invader at every turn. His opponent, the best...
Battle of Murfreesboro

Battle of Murfreesboro (31 December to 2 January 1862)

Background on the Battle of Murfreesboro While the Confederacy amassed victories in East, the news was almost always bad in the West. The difference was leadership. In Virginia, the Confederacy had the better generals. In the West, Union generals like Ulysses Grant,...
Second battle of bull run

Second Battle of Bull Run (28-30 August 1862)

Second Battle of Bull Run: The Background To win Southern independence, the Confederates first had to liberate Northern Virginia, which was occupied by Federal General John Pope. The blustery Pope bragged that his headquarters would be in the saddle where,...
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