As World War II was heading to its end, the Allied leaders, Stalin, Roosevelt and Churchill met at Yalta in the second of three meetings of the so-called “Big Three”. This conference had the code name, the Argonaut Conference, and is also sometimes called the Crimea Conference, because it was held at a crimean port on the Black Sea. During this conference, the leaders discussed what was to happen during the final stages of WW2 and how to regulate a post-war Europe. The agreements made during the conference were kept secret initially, but became quite controversial later, especially during the Cold War.
Some Key Agreements:
- The three leaders agreed that Germany was to surrender unconditionally
- Germany and Berlin were to be split up in four occupational zones
- Division of other territories were discussed and agreed upon
- Stalin agreed to allow free elections in Eastern Europe
- Stalin also promised to get involved in the war against Japan, on the condition that he gets the lands back that were conquered by Japan during the 1904-05 Russo-Japanese War.
- Stalin wanted 16 Soviet Socialist Republics to be allowed to join the United Nations, but 14 of them were denied.
- The leaders agreed that a “Committee on Dismemberment of Germany” had to be established.
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