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The First battle of Bull Run or First Manassas was the first large land battle fought during the Civil War. It ended up a clear victory for the Confederates.

Summary of the Battle of Bull Run

The conflict took place close to Manassas Junction, Virginia. Around 35,000 Union soldiers marched from Washing D.C. towards Bull Run (a small river) where a 20,000 troop Confederate force was stationed. Outnumbered, the Confederates fought on the defensive throughout the day, but the Union forces didn’t position themselves soon enough. This gave Confederate reinforcements enough time to arrive by train and eventually the Confederates broke the Union right flank, forcing the Union to retreat chaotically back to Washington.


The Battle of Bull Run showed the North that beating the Confederates was not going to be as easy as they had hoped.


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"Who Won the Battle of Bull Run?" History on the Net
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