Below is an Ancient Egypt Timeline outlining the major dividing points in the history of Egyptian civilization, including the early, middle, and new kingdoms.
|Late Predynastic||3100 BC – 2950 BC||0||Menes||North and south Egypt united |
Hieroglyphic writing developed
|Early Dynastic||2950 BC – 2575 BC||1||Menes |
|Memphis capital of Egypt |
First writing on papyrus
First pyramid built – step pyramid at Sakkara (Saqqara)
|Old Kingdom||2575 BC – 2150 BC||4||Sneferu |
|Great pyramids and sphinx at Giza built |
Sun God Ra worshipped at Heliopolis Mummification first used
Trade for cedar wood
Noblemen became more important
Pharaohs had less power
Fall of government at Memphis
|First Intermediate Period||2150 BC – 1975 BC||9||Achthoes||Book of the Dead created |
Rebellions against the Pharaoh
Drought and famine caused by low rainfall
|Middle Kingdom||1975BC – 1640 BC||11||Mentuhotep |
|North and south Egypt reunited capital Thebes |
Lower Nubia conquered
|Second Intermediate Period||1640 BC – 1520 BC||15||Khyan||Hyksos tribe took over north Egypt |
Horse drawn chariot introduced
|New Kingdom||1520 BC – 1075 BC||18||Ahmose I |
|Hyksos people expelled from Egypt |
Hatshepsut first female Pharaoh
Temple at Karnak built
Valley of the kings used as burial site
Capital moved to Memphis
|Third Intermediate Period||1075 BC – 715 BC||21||Shoshenk I||Egypt divided again northern capital Tanis, southern capital Thebes |
Shoshenk reunited Egypt
Egypt lost control of Israel and Lebanon
|Late Period||715 BC – 332 BC||25||Nephrites I||Egypt invaded by Libyans and Assyrians |
Persians conquered Egypt
Alexander the Great conquered Egypt for Greece 332BC
In addition to the Ancient Egyptian timeline, this site also features an exhaustive bibliography, in case you need more information on the topic.
This article is part of our larger selection of posts about Egypt in the ancient world. To learn more, click here for our comprehensive guide to Ancient Egypt.
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May 23, 2022 <https://www.historyonthenet.com/ancient-egypt-timeline-2>
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