Nazi Germany

Articles on the rise and downfall, and most important events of Nazi Germany

Articles on the rise and downfall, and most important events of Nazi Germany


When Did the Holocaust Start?

When did the Holocaust start? The Holocaust (Ha-shoah in Hebrew) took place between 1933 and 1945 and is associated with the persecution and murder of over 6,000,000 Jews and other people, including gays and Roma people. During the Holocaust, two thirds of all Jews in Europe were killed and one…

Nazi Germany – Bibliography

German Election Results - Trotsky Internet Archive Axis History Factbook - Marcus Wendel Mein Kampf - Adolf Hitler   This post is part of our collection of resources on Nazi Germany. Click here for our comprehensive information resource on the society, ideology, and key events in Nazi Germany.

Holocaust Timeline

The Holocaust Date Summary Detailed Information 30th January 1933 Hitler Chancellor of Germany Adolf Hitler was elected Chancellor of Germany 22nd March 1933 First concentration camp opened The first concentration camp was opened at Dachau in Germany 1st April 1933 Jewish shops boycotted Germans were told not to buy from…

Nazi Germany Timeline

Date Event 9th November 1918 Kaiser Wilhelm abdicated. Weimar Republic declared. 28th June 1919 Treaty of Versailles signed. 5th January 1919 German Workers' Party (Deutsche Arbeiterpartei) DAP formed by Anton Drexler, Gottfried Feder, Dietrich Eckart and Karl Harrer 12th September 1919 Adolf Hitler, who had been sent by the German…

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Nazi Germany – Sudetenland

At the end of World War One the treaties of Versailles, St Germain and Trianon broke the Austro-Hungarian Empire and took land from both countries and also from Germany to give to other countries. The Sudetenland was taken away from Germany and the Austro-Hungarian Empire and given to Czechoslovakia. The…

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Nazi Germany – Anschluss

By 1938, Hitler felt strong enough to plan a union or Anschluss with Austria. This was part of his aim to unite all German-speaking people in one country. It was forbidden by the Treaty of Versailles so Hitler had to plan very carefully. Hitler began by ordering the Austrian Nazi…

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Nazi Germany – The Rhineland

Under the terms of the Treaty of Versailles 1919 Germany was not allowed to have any military force, building or armaments in the Rhineland area. To ensure German compliance the area was occupied by British and French troops. Under the terms of the Treaty of Locarno 1925 Germany, France, Britain…

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Nazi Germany – The Reichstag Fire

The Facts At 10pm on 27th February 1933 the Berlin Fire Department received a call that the Reichstag building was on fire. A young communist Marinus van der Lubbe was discovered on the premises clad in just trousers and footwear. A number of small fires had been started around the…

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Nazi Germany – Munich Beer Hall Putsch

Following the abdication of Kaiser Wilhelm and defeat in World War One, the government of the new German Weimar Republic were forced to accept the terms of the Treaty of Versailles, which included the payment of reparations to the allies of 6,600 million. The repayments led to a devaluation of…

Nazi Germany – Concentration Camps and Killing Centres

Between 1933 and 1945 the Nazis opened around 20,000 concentration camps in Germany and Nazi-occupied countries to deal with the numbers of people arrested as enemies of the state. The camps were run by the SS and inmates faced harsh, insanitary conditions, poor diet, forced hard labour and ad hoc…

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