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The Boston Tea Party is considered to have been an important event in American History, one that greatly contributed to the American Revolution. On December 16, 1773, demonstrators destroyed an entire East India Company Tea Shipment as part of a political protest to tea taxes and the Tea Act. The tea cargoes from three ships were all offloaded and dumped into the water of the Boston Harbor, ruining the tea.

Taxation Without Representation

The main issue demonstrators had was that British parliament was unfairly taxing them for tea (which the Americans consumed on a great scale). They believed that local authorities should decide on taxes, not the British parliament where the Americans were not represented. Tea used to be smuggled into the colony due to hefty tea taxes, but the Tea Act of 1773 gave the East India Company a monopoly over tea sales. Protesters were unhappy about this and the way Britain has been treating the colonies.

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British Response

Britain responded very harshly to the “Boston Tea Party” by passing the Intolerable or Coercive Acts in 1774. These acts closed Boston’s commerce and ended all self-government by locals in Massachusetts. This enraged the colonists even more, escalating in the American Revolution.

This article is part of our larger resource on the Colonial America culture, society, economics, and warfare. Click here for our comprehensive article on Colonial America.

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"What Was the Boston Tea Party?" History on the Net
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November 19, 2019 <https://www.historyonthenet.com/what-was-the-boston-tea-party>
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