Nazi Germany

Nazi Germany – Bibliography

German Election Results – Trotsky Internet Archive Axis History Factbook – Marcus Wendel Mein Kampf – Adolf...
Nazi Germany – Sudetenland

Nazi Germany – Sudetenland

At the end of World War One the treaties of Versailles, St Germain and Trianon broke the Austro-Hungarian Empire and took land from both countries and also from Germany to give to other countries. The Sudetenland was taken away from Germany and the Austro-Hungarian...
Nazi Germany – Anschluss

Nazi Germany – Anschluss

By 1938, Hitler felt strong enough to plan a union or Anschluss with Austria. This was part of his aim to unite all German-speaking people in one country. It was forbidden by the Treaty of Versailles so Hitler had to plan very carefully. Hitler began by ordering the...
Nazi Germany – The Rhineland

Nazi Germany – The Rhineland

Under the terms of the Treaty of Versailles 1919 Germany was not allowed to have any military force, building or armaments in the Rhineland area. To ensure German compliance the area was occupied by British and French troops. Under the terms of the Treaty of Locarno...
Nazi Germany – The Reichstag Fire

Nazi Germany – The Reichstag Fire

The Facts At 10pm on 27th February 1933 the Berlin Fire Department received a call that the Reichstag building was on fire. A young communist Marinus van der Lubbe was discovered on the premises clad in just trousers and footwear. A number of small fires had been...
Nazi Germany – Munich Beer Hall Putsch

Nazi Germany – Munich Beer Hall Putsch

Following the abdication of Kaiser Wilhelm and defeat in World War One, the government of the new German Weimar Republic were forced to accept the terms of the Treaty of Versailles, which included the payment of reparations to the allies of 6,600 million. The...

Nazi Germany – Concentration Camps and Killing Centres

Between 1933 and 1945 the Nazis opened around 20,000 concentration camps in Germany and Nazi-occupied countries to deal with the numbers of people arrested as enemies of the state. The camps were run by the SS and inmates faced harsh, insanitary conditions, poor diet,...

Nazi Germany – Minority Groups

Adolf Hitler was familiar with the work of 19th century scientists who spoke of Northern European blond-haired, blue-eyed peoples as being Aryan, a ‘Master Race’ because they had remained racially pure throughout the ages. In his book, Mein Kampf (Mein Struggle),...
Nazi Germany – Role of Women

Nazi Germany – Role of Women

Adolf Hitler had very clear ideas about the role of women in the Third Reich. Women were to be the homemakers of society, cooking, cleaning, keeping house and making themselves healthy and beautiful for their racially pure husbands with whom they would produce...
Nazi Germany – Hitler Youth

Nazi Germany – Hitler Youth

In the early 1920s, the Nazi party had established a youth movement led by Kurt Gruber, with the aim of attracting young men who could be trained to become members of the SA (Stormtroopers). On 4th July 1926 the group was renamed the Hitler Youth, League of German...
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