Civil War

Articles on the American Civil War and the principle figures involved. Includes timelines and detailed descriptions.

Articles on the American Civil War and the principle figures involved. Includes timelines and detailed descriptions.

Seven Days Battle Casualties

Campaign Finale: Seven Days Battle Casualties

The Seven Day Battle ended the Civil War's Peninsula Campaign, which resulted in the Seven Days Battle casualties of around 36,000. Both McClellan and Lee suffered great losses of their troops.  However, the Union won through Lee's leadership and tactics. SEVEN DAYS BATTLE CASUALTIES (JUNE 26–JULY 1, 1862) Source Confederate Union…

Grant's War Strategy

Grant’s War Strategy That Made 3 Confederate Armies Surrender

Grant's War Strategy: General Military Skills Aggressiveness Between Robert E. Lee and Ulysses S. Grant, both generals were quite aggressive. Grant’s aggressiveness was consistent with the North’s superior manpower and its need to proactively win the war, while Lee’s was inconsistent with the South’s inferior manpower and its need only…

Civil War Strategy

Grant and Lee’s Differing Civil War Strategy

Grant and Lee's Civil War Strategy: Vision National Perspective/Grand Civil War Strategy While Robert E. Lee was strictly a Virginia-focused, one-theater commander who constantly sought reinforcements for his theater and resisted transfers to other theaters, Grant had a broad, national perspective, rarely requested additional troops from elsewhere, and uncomplainingly provided…

Robert E Lee Tactics

Robert E. Lee’s Tactics During the Civil War

Robert E Lee Tactics Although Lee’s purported “tactical genius” was trumped by Grant’s “superior talent in grand strategy,” Lee is famed for his tactical management of battles. He was the tactical victory in several 1862–63 battles and generally performed well on the tactical defensive against Grant in 1864. However, Robert…

Chantilly Battle

Chantilly Battle: End of Northern Virginia Campaign

The Chantilly Battle concluded the Civil War's Northern Virginia Campaign. Though the Union had more casualties (16,054) compared to that of Confederacy (9,197), the battle was still inconclusive. CHANTILLY BATTLE & SECOND MANASSAS (AUGUST 27–SEPTEMBER 2, 1862) Source Confederate Union Eicher, Longest Night 1,481 killed 7,627 wounded 89 missing 1,724 killed 8,372…

Battle of Cedar Mountain Casualties

Battle of Cedar Mountain Casualties

The Battle of Cedar Mountain casualties totaled about 3,700, resulted in the deaths of 1,300 Confederates and 2,400 Union soldiers. General Crawford's troops were reduced to half while Prince and Geary's both get wounded.  BATTLE OF CEDAR MOUNTAIN CASUALTIES (AUGUST 9, 1862) (LEE NOT PRESENT) Source Confederate Union Alexander, Lost Victories 229…

Election of 1864

Lincoln’s Landslide Victory in the Election of 1864

LINCOLN WINS ELECTION OF 1864 WITH GRANT’S FULL SUPPORT In 1864, Lincoln once again demonstrated a political aggressiveness that matched Grant’s military aggressiveness. In that year’s political campaign, he, along with Republican Radicals, insisted that the Republican platform contain a plank advocating a constitutional amendment abolishing slavery. He encouraged his…


Emancipation and the Military Use of Former Slaves

After a cautious start in 1861 and early 1862, President Lincoln president began moving toward the use of the slavery issue to weaken the Confederacy. His caution was due to fears of losing the border states, especially Kentucky, to the Confederacy (the rocky rollout of emancipation was one of the…

Civil War Causes

Civil War Causes: Where it All Started

Civil War Causes: The tumultuous 1850s. The 1850s were a tumultuous time for America and for both Lincoln and Grant. Although he encountered political defeats in Illinois, Lincoln nevertheless ascended to national prominence and the presidency. Grant, on the other hand, met nothing but failure in that decade. Separated from…

Mexican-American War

The Mexican-American War from Lincoln and Grant’s Perspective

The Mexican-American War provided both Lincoln and Grant with their first exposure to the complexities of war. When the fighting ended, Grant was a twenty-six-year-old captain who had been decorated for his bravery; Lincoln was a thirty-eight-year-old freshman congressman. While Grant heroically fought in the war and at least retroactively…

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