Civil War

Articles on the American Civil War and the principle figures involved. Includes timelines and detailed descriptions.


peninsula campaign

The Peninsula Campaign in the Civil War (1862)

The Peninsula Campaign-In early 1862 the Union Army launched a major operation in southeastern Virginia, the first large-scale offensive in the Eastern Theater. Lincoln replaced McDowell with George B. McClellan as commander. He reorganized the army, whipped it into...
Bull Run

First Battle of Bull Run

First Battle of Bull Run (July 21, 1861) The Background: Background of Bull Run Battle is that, the Confederate commanders were generals Joseph E. Johnston and P. G. T. Beauregard. Johnston, the highest-ranking U.S. Army general to join the Confederacy, was a...
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When was Harriet Tubman Born?

Harriet Tubman’s exact date of birth is not really known, but estimates are that it must have been between 1820 and 1825. Tubman was one of the most famous “conductors” of the Underground Railroad, a Union Spy and abolitionist. A former slave...

What Was the Civil War Reconstruction?

What is known today as the American Reconstruction Era took place just after the Civil War, between 1865 and 1877. The goal of the reconstruction was to rebuild the South, for the former rebel states to join the Union again and to give former slaves equal rights....

Who Were the Civil War Generals?

The Civil War counted hundreds of generals on both sides of the Union and Confederate armies, many of whom became very famous. Confederate generals were often former officers of the U.S. Army, but some received the rank by merit. On both sides, the rank of general had...

What Was the Emancipation Proclamation?

President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation on January 1, 1863.  This executive order was a war measure directed at the rebel states and declared the ten states that were rebelling to be free. The proclamation excluded the areas that were under the...
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What Was The Underground Railroad?

Unlike implied by its name, the Underground Railroad did not involve trains that ran underground. It was actually a network of secret safe houses with routes in-between through which African-American slaves were helped to escape to freedom. This network was...

When Did Slavery End in the U.S.?

Slavery officially ended in the United States on December 6, 1865, after the 13th amendment to the constitution was passed and ratified, abolishing slavery across the nation. The 13th amendment states that nobody should work as a slave or involuntary servant, except...

Who Won the Battle of Bull Run?

The First battle of Bull Run or First Manassas was the first large land battle fought during the Civil War. It ended up a clear victory for the Confederates. Summary of the Battle of Bull Run The conflict took place close to Manassas Junction, Virginia. Around 35,000...
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